10th December

Born on this day 10th December
1889 Ray Collins
1910 Jill Summers
1932 Dan Blocker
1926 Harry Fowler
1945 Chad Stewart
1952 Clive Anderson
1957 Paul Hardcastle
1958 Lawrie ‘Pepsi’ Demacque
1959 Kevin Ash
1960 Kenneth Branagh
1969 Stephen Billington
1974 Meg White
1976 Shane Byrne
1979 Iain Brunnschweiler
1983 Lewis Buxton
1984 Mark Applegarth
1985 Scarlett Bowman

Music
1972 Roberta Flack along with 2 members of her backing group, was injured in a car crash, in New York.

Sport
1983 Sheffield United football club was told spectators would be banned from the terraces until a £51,000 bill for policing the previous season was paid.

People & Showbiz
1768 The Royal Academy of Arts was founded with Joshua Reynolds its first President.
1901 Nobel Prizes were awarded for the first time.
1903 Marie Curie became the first woman to be awarded a Nobel Prize.

General Events
1845 Scottish civil engineer Robert Thompson patented the first pneumatic tyre.
1868 The first traffic lights went into operation off London’s Parliament Square.
1902 The Aswan dam, built to control the Nile floods was opened.
1903 Sir William Cremer became the first British Nobel Prize winner with his Peace Prize for his work as secretary of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
1907 Rudyard Kipling became the first British writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1919 The Smith brothers became the first aviators to fly successfully from Britain to Australia.
1963 Zanzibar gains independence from the United Kingdom as a constitutional monarchy, under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
1964 Dorothy Hodgekin became the first British woman to win a Nobel Prize. Her Chemistry Prize was awarded for her work with penicillin and the structure of vitamin B12.
1965 The Grateful Dead’s first concert performance under this new name.
1976 The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
1989 Mongolian Revolution: At the country’s first open pro-democracy public demonstration, Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj announces the establishment of the Mongolian Democratic Union.
1993 The last shift leaves Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland. The closure of the 156-year-old pit marks the end of the old County Durham coalfield, which had been in operation since the Middle Ages.

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