19th October

Born on this Day 19th October
1276 Prince Hisaaki
1562 Archbishop George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury
1605 Thomas Browne
1859 Captain Alfred Dreyfus
1862 Auguste Lumiere
1944 Peter Tosh
1925 Bernard Hepton
1931 John Le Carre
1940 Sir Michael Gambon
1945 John Lithgow
1954 Sam Allardyce
1962 Evander Holyfield
1969 Trey Parker
1970 Caroline Catz
1979 Marc Elliott
1983 Andy Lonergan
1985 Terry Etim
1988 Dot Rotten

Died On This Day
1216 King John of England
1937 Earl Rutherford
2000 Julie London

Music
1957 The BBC screened an hour long show to celebrate the first anniversary of Tommy Steel’s show business success.

1968 Jimmy Page’s New Yardbirds played their last gig under the name at Liverpool University. After Keith Moons prediction that they would go down like the proverbial Lead Zeppelin, they changed their name to Led Zeppelin.

1978 Palm Olive left the Slits to be replaced by drummer Budgie the following month.

Sport
1987 Welsh golfer Ian Woosnam beat Sandy Lyle to become the first Briton to win the Suntory World Matchplay Golf Championsip at Wentworth, Surrey.

1988 Annie Bassett became Britain’s first woman football manager with her appointment as General Manager of Reading FC.

People & Showbiz
1972 The play ‘Crown Matrimonial’ opened at the Haymarket theatre and was the first play to portray a living member of the Royal Family, the ban of which was lifted by the Lord Chamberlain in 1968. Miss Amanda Reiss portrayed the Queen Mother in the sory of the abdication crisis of 1936.

1982 Thomas Keneally was awarded the Booker McConnel prize for fiction for his book ‘Schindler’s Ark’ arousing much controversy over whether the book, as a reconstruction of a true event, sholud have been eligible for the fiction category.

General Events
1216 King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.

1453 The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years’ War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.

1512 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).

1812 Napoleon began his retreat from Moscow after suffering heavy casualties from Russian soldiers and the harsh Russian winter.

1933 Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.

1959 The first discothèque opens.

1987 An American naval strike against 2 Iranian oil platforms in the Gulf, in retaliation against an Iranian attack on the US-flagged tanke, provoked a near declaration of war from Tehran.

1987 Black Monday – the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.

1989 The environmental group Greenpeace announced they had blocked the main sewers of Brussels to demonstrate against raw sewage being discharged into the Schrldt river.

1991 It was announced that Brixton prison’s F Wing, where 14 inmates had committed suicide in the last 2 years, was to close after a report by European Human Rights inspectors.

1992 European Community fisheries ministers agreed to protect dolphins in the Pacific by banning EC vessels from using purse-seine nets in which dolphins as well as fish became trapped.

2003 Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.

2005 Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.

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